Women with hyperglycemia detected during pregnancy are at greater risk of adverse . These include high blood pressure and a large baby for gestational age (called "macrosomia"), which can make normal delivery difficult and dangerous, and the baby is more prone to fractures and nerve damage. Detecting the time of pregnancy combined with good blood glucose control during pregnancy can reduce these risks. Women of childbearing potential who are known to have diabetes before pregnancy should receive preconception counseling, folic acid treatment at higher doses, medication review, and a systematic approach to pregnancy. , who suffer from HIP – whether it is GDM, previously undiagnosed HIP, or existing and known diabetes – require optimal prenatal care and appropriate postnatal management assistance. Women with hyperglycemia during pregnancy should be able to control their blood glucose levels through a healthy diet, moderate exercise, and blood glucose control. Interaction with healthcare professionals is important to support their self-monitoring, as well as to determine when medical (e.g., prescribing insulin or oral medications) or obstetric intervention is needed.